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The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) researched what countries have national data protection laws; whether these laws are comprehensive; and if any such laws are pending. The following presents the data for each country where information was available with one of the qualifiers:

  • Comprehensive Data Protection Law Enacted

  • Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact Law

  • No Law or Information


Summary of Findings:

  • While the European continent is near-complete with countries that have enacted comprehensive data protection laws, the same level of legal data protection is lacking in most of the rest of the world.

  • Belarus is the notable exception in Europe: at the time of UNCTAD's review it was the only country on the European continent with no data protection law or no information.

  • Most countries lacking any kind of data protection laws are African or Asian. These two continents however also have the highest number of countries where efforts are pending to enact such laws. If all currently pending efforts and obligations in Africa will actually get enacted, the continent will double its number of countries with comprehensive data protection laws, from 13 to 26.

  • The United States is the most salient developed Western country lacking comprehensive data protections laws. With China and India also currently lacking such laws close to a third of the world population lives without legal data protection. With efforts to enact laws pending in India, Nigeria and Brazil a large additional part of the world population could soon be covered by comprehensive data protection laws.


Spreadsheet with source data

National Data Protection Laws

Page Title
Source
Data Protection Laws
Page Title
AfghanistanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationAfghanistan
AlbaniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedAlbania
AlgeriaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationAlgeria
AndorraUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedAndorra
AngolaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedAngola
ArgentinaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedArgentina
ArmeniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedArmenia
AustraliaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedAustralia
AustriaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedAustria
AzerbaijanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedAzerbaijan
BahamasUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedBahamas
BahrainUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016UnknownBahrain
BangladeshUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationBangladesh
BarbadosUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawBarbados
BelarusUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationBelarus
BelgiumUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedBelgium
BelizeUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationBelize
BeninUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedBenin
BhutanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationBhutan
BoliviaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationBolivia
Bosnia and HerzegovinaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedBosnia and Herzegovina
BotswanaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawBotswana
BrazilUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawBrazil
BruneiUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationBrunei
BulgariaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedBulgaria
Burkina FasoUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedBurkina Faso
BurundiUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationBurundi
CambodiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationCambodia
CameroonUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationCameroon
CanadaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedCanada
Central African RepublicUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationCentral African Republic
ChadUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationChad
ChileUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedChile
ChinaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationChina
ColombiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedColombia
ComorosUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationComoros
Congo, Democratic RepublicUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationCongo, Democratic Republic
Congo, RepublicUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationCongo, Republic
Costa RicaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedCosta Rica
Côte d'IvoireUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedCôte d'Ivoire
CroatiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedCroatia
CubaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationCuba
CyprusUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedCyprus
Czech RepublicUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedCzech Republic
DenmarkUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedDenmark
DjiboutiUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationDjibouti
DominicaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationDominica
Dominican RepublicUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawDominican Republic
EcuadorUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawEcuador
EgyptUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawEgypt
El SalvadorUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawEl Salvador
EritreaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationEritrea
EstoniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedEstonia
EthiopiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationEthiopia
FijiUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationFiji
FinlandUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedFinland
FranceUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedFrance
GabonUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedGabon
GambiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationGambia
Georgia (Asia)UNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedGeorgia (Asia)
GermanyUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedGermany
GhanaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedGhana
GreeceUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedGreece
GrenadaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationGrenada
GuatemalaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawGuatemala
GuineaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawGuinea
GuyanaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationGuyana
HaitiUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationHaiti
HondurasUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawHonduras
Hong KongUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedHong Kong
HungaryUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedHungary
IcelandUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedIceland
IndiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawIndia
IndonesiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawIndonesia
IranUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationIran
IraqUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationIraq
IrelandUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedIreland
IsraelUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedIsrael
ItalyUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedItaly
JamaicaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawJamaica
JapanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedJapan
JordanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationJordan
KazakhstanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedKazakhstan
KenyaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawKenya
KiribatiUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationKiribati
KuwaitUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016UnknownKuwait
KyrgystanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedKyrgystan
LaosUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationLaos
LatviaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedLatvia
LebanonUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawLebanon
LesothoUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationLesotho
LiberiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawLiberia
LibyaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationLibya
LiechtensteinUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedLiechtenstein
LithuaniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedLithuania
LuxembourgUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedLuxembourg
MacaoUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMacao
MacedoniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMacedonia
MadagascarUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationMadagascar
MalawiUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawMalawi
MalaysiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMalaysia
MaliUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMali
MaltaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMalta
MauritaniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationMauritania
MauritiusUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMauritius
MexicoUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMexico
MicronesiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationMicronesia
MoldovaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMoldova
MonacoUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMonaco
MongoliaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationMongolia
MontenegroUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMontenegro
MoroccoUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedMorocco
MozambiqueUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawMozambique
MyanmarUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationMyanmar
NamibiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationNamibia
NepalUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationNepal
NetherlandsUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedNetherlands
New ZealandUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedNew Zealand
NicaraguaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedNicaragua
NigerUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawNiger
NigeriaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawNigeria
North KoreaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationNorth Korea
NorwayUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedNorway
OmanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationOman
PakistanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationPakistan
PanamaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawPanama
Papua New GuineaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationPapua New Guinea
ParaguayUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedParaguay
PeruUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedPeru
PhilippinesUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedPhilippines
PolandUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedPoland
PortugalUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedPortugal
QatarUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Qatar
RomaniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedRomania
RussiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedRussia
RwandaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationRwanda
SamoaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationSamoa
Saudi ArabiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawSaudi Arabia
SenegalUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSenegal
SerbiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSerbia
SeychellesUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSeychelles
Sierra LeoneUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawSierra Leone
SingaporeUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSingapore
SlovakiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSlovakia
SloveniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSlovenia
Solomon IslandsUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationSolomon Islands
SomaliaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationSomalia
South AfricaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSouth Africa
South KoreaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSouth Korea
South SudanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationSouth Sudan
SpainUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSpain
Sri LankaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationSri Lanka
SudanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationSudan
SurinameUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationSuriname
SwazilandUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationSwaziland
SwedenUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSweden
SwitzerlandUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedSwitzerland
TajikistanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationTajikistan
TanzaniaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawTanzania
ThailandUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationThailand
Timor-LesteUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawTimor-Leste
TogoUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawTogo
TongaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationTonga
TunisiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedTunisia
TurkeyUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawTurkey
TurkmenistanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationTurkmenistan
UgandaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Pending Effort or Obligation to Enact LawUganda
UkraineUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedUkraine
United Arab EmiratesUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016UnknownUnited Arab Emirates
United KingdomUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedUnited Kingdom
United StatesUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationUnited States
UruguayUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016Comprehensive Data Protection Law EnactedUruguay
UzbekistanUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationUzbekistan
VanuatuUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationVanuatu
VenezuelaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationVenezuela
VietnamUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationVietnam
YemenUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationYemen
ZambiaUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationZambia
ZimbabweUNCTAD 2015Worldbank 2016No Law or InformationZimbabwe


Status of Data Protection Laws for all countries


Countries with comprehensive data protection laws enacted by continent


Countries with pending effort or obligation to enact laws per continent


Countries with no data protection laws or no information per continent


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